A spinal tumor is an unusual mass of tissue within or enclosing the spinal cord. These bodies grow and multiply uncontrollably, presumably unchecked by the mechanisms that control normal cells. Spinal tumors could be both benign or malignant in nature. Primary tumors begin in the spine or spinal cord, and metastatic tumors emerge from cancer spreading from added sites to the spine.
Spinal tumors may occur in the basic areas which include cervical, thoracic, lumbar, and sacrum area. Moreover, they also are classified by their location in the spine into three major groups: intradural-extramedullary, intramedullary and extradural.
The purpose of most primary spinal tumors is unknown. Some of them may be connected to cancer-causing agents. Also termed Spinal cord lymphomas, the disease affects lymphocytes and is more common in people with compromised immune systems. The incidence is higher of spinal tumors in distinct families, so there is most likely a genetic element also attached.
Spine tumors may result from the presence of these two genetic diseases:
Neurofibromatosis: In this genetic disorder, benign tumors may develop in the arachnoid layer of the spinal cord or in the helping glial cells. Still, the more frequent tumors associated with this disorder influence the nerves related to attention and can necessarily lead to loss of hearing in one or both ears.
Von Hippel-Lindau disease: This unique, multi-system dysfunction is connected with benign blood vessel tumors in the brain, retina, and spinal cord and with other types of tumors in the kidneys.