A transient Ischemic Attack (TIA) may be a warning of future stroke and an opportunity to prevent it. They usually last only minutes and do not cause permanent damage. Still, one-third of people with TIA will eventually have another stroke within 12 months after their first attack, with half occurring soon after that type of ministroke warning sign for you.
Symptoms of Transient Ischemic Attack/Ministroke
A transient ischemic attack (TIA) can’t be prevented, but it is possible to recognize the early warning signs and take steps that might avoid a stroke. A TIA sign includes sudden onset in an otherwise healthy person who has no history or symptoms of cardiovascular disease; arm pain may precede leg pains by five minutes-about 30 seconds for each minute passing since they began experiencing one side first.
Here are some of the common symptoms of TIA or Ministroke:
- dysphasia, a language disorder
- dysarthria, or physical difficulty when speaking
- vision changes
- balance issues
- an altered level of consciousness
- passing out
- severe headache
- a strange sense of taste & smell.
Causes of Ministroke & TIA
A transient ischemic attack (TIA) can be caused by a buildup of cholesterol-containing fatty deposits called plaques in an artery or one of its branches that supplies oxygen and nutrients to your brain. Unlike with strokes, there are no permanent effects from these brief blockages because they don’t last long enough for blood supply interruption to occur.
Even Blood Clots are the major cause of the ministroke, but still, there are some other causes too, like Hypertension, High Blood Pressure, Diabetes & High Cholesterol.
Treatments of Ministroke or Transient Ischemic Attack
Ministrokes are not nearly as serious or life-threatening as full strokes. They can be treated with medication to help improve blood flow in the brain, which will reduce your risk of future ministrokes and other neurological problems like dementia.
Most patients don’t require anything more than simple rest at home after receiving this type of treatment because it does not cause lasting damage; however, some tend to use protective custody for their remaining days on earth due to recent increases in incidence rates among young adults today.
Treatment options include medicines, some medical procedures and may even require some lifestyle changes.
Usually, Doctors recommend Antiplatelet & Anticoagulant drugs and you may need to go through surgery to prevent future strokes. If you have a severe narrowing of the carotid artery in your neck and aren’t a candidate for carotid angioplasty and stenting.
But Lifestyle changes are really important to reduce the risk of ministrokes in the future which may include exercising, losing weight, eating more fruits and vegetables, reducing your intake of fried or sugary foods, Proper sleep & stress reduction meditation, etc
How to Prevent Ministroke/TIA?
Ministrokes are unavoidable but you can take some preventive measures to avoid it. Some of them are as follows –
- Avoid Smoking & even reduce the Alcohol Intake.
- Add more fruits and Vegetables to Your Daily Diet.
- Exercise Regularly.
- Maintain your Body Sugar Level.
- Reduce cholesterol and fat intake.
- Control your Blood Pressure.
- Reduce Stress.